Monday, January 24, 2022


Scientific and scholarly articles about UFOs


The ufological world was all agog recently when it was announced that an article about UFOs was being published in a peer-reviewed academic journal.

Amazing! Remarkable! Notable! Unprecedented!

Uh - no.

Despite what you may have heard from skeptics and believers alike, science has taken the subject of UFOs seriously on many, many occasions. Dozens of scholarly and academic articles have appeared in peer-reviewed journals all along, with apparently little notice or interest.

Admittedly, many of these articles looked at ufology in a less than positive light, but a considerable number regarded the subject quite seriously and as a topic of scientific curiosity, if not interest and with relevance to many scientific realms.

I started working on a list of academic articles about UFOs some time ago, and I dusted it off (virtually) when the interest in the recent scientific article manifested.

A number of people have created lists of these articles over the years, including most notably Barry Greenwood's "Union Catalog" of UFO articles. Isaac Koi has a very good list of academic journal articles, and I have added to my own list from his excellent resource.

The following is my list, which is as complete as I could get at this time. I have provided links to online versions of the articles whenever possible, although some links will require institutional memberships to view the articles in full. 

The list is for articles about UFOs, but you will note that I have included some articles on UFO-ish phenomena as well, with discretion.

Also, the list does not include book reviews, editorial comments, news briefs and incidental notes, although I allowed a few in the list for their significance. So, while references to things in major journals such as Nature and Science could have been included dozens and dozens of times, these were not really "peer-reviewed academic or scholarly articles."

Oh, and I did not include articles from the Journal of Scientific Exploration nor the Journal of UFO Studies. While certainly peer-reviewed, these journals are not in the scientific mainstream community, and I wanted to create a list that showed that scientists outside of the ufology community have published such articles.

I used APA style, with a slight modification here and there for consistency. (I know there are many punctuation typos, so I'm working on that.) I also need to italicize the journal titles.

And yes, I am sure I missed some. This page will be updated as more articles are brought to my attention, and as future articles are published. (Which they certainly will be.)

Many thanks to Isaac for his work and assistance in this effort.

Top UFO-related articles published in peer-reviewed scientific journals



Appelle, S. (1971). On a behavioral explanation of UFO sightings. Perceptual and motor skills, 32(3), 994.


Ashworth, C. E. (1980). Flying saucers, spoon-bending and Atlantis: A structural analysis of new mythologies. The Sociological Review, 28(2), 353-376.


Bader, C. D. (1995). The UFO contact movement from the 1950s to the present. Studies in Popular Culture, 17(2), 73-90.


Bader, C. D. (2003). Supernatural support groups: Who are the UFO abductees and ritual-abuse survivors? Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 42(4), 669–678.


Balch, Robert W. and Taylor, David. (1977). Seekers and saucers: The role of the cultic milieu in joining a UFO cult. American Behavioral Scientist, 20(6), pp. 839–860.


Banaji, M. R., and Kihlstrom, J. F. (1996). The ordinary nature of alien abduction memories. Psychological Inquiry, 7(2), 132-135.


Bartholomew, R. E. (1991). The quest for transcendence: An ethnography of UFOs in America. Anthropology of Consciousness, 2(1‐2), 1-12.


Biasco, F., and Nunn, K. (2000). College students' attitudes toward UFOs. College Student Journal, 34(1), 96-100.


Bisson C, and Persinger M.A. (1993). Geophysical variables and behavior: LXXV. Possible increased incidence of brain tumors following an episode of luminous phenomena. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 77(3_suppl), 1088-1090.


Bowers, K. S., and Eastwood, J. D. (1996). On the edge of science: Coping with UFOlogy scientifically. Psychological Inquiry, 7(2), 136-140.


Bridgstock, M. (1982). A sociological approach to fraud in science. The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Sociology, 18(3), 364-383.


Bullard, T. E. (1989). UFO abduction reports: the supernatural kidnap narrative returns in technological guise. Journal of American Folklore, 147-170.


Callahan, P. S., & Mankin, R. W. (1978). Insects as unidentified flying objects. Applied optics, 17(21), 3355-3360.


Chequers, J., Joseph, S., and Diduca, D. (1997). Belief in extraterrestrial life, UFO-related beliefs, and schizotypal personality. Personality and Individual Differences, 23(3), 519-521.


Clamar, A. (1988). Is it time for psychology to take UFOs seriously? Psychotherapy in Private Practice, 6(3), 143-149.


Clamar, A. (1988). Symposium: The UFO experience: What psychotherapy tells us. Introduction, in: Psychotherapy in Private Practice, 6:3, 141-142


Clancy, S. A., et. al. (2002). Memory distortion in people reporting abduction by aliens. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 111(3), 455.


Clark, S. E., and Loftus, E. F. (1996). The construction of space alien abduction memories. Psychological Inquiry, 7(2), 140-143.


Cole, G. H. A. (1996). Thoughts on extraterrestrials prompted by two contributions in a recent issue of Quarterly Journal. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society, 37, 257.


Condon, E. U. (1969). UFOs I have loved and lost. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 25(10), 6-8.


Cook, C. M., and Persinger, M. A. (2001). Geophysical variables and behavior: XCII. Experimental elicitation of the experience of a sentient being by right hemispheric, weak magnetic fields: interaction with temporal lobe sensitivity. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 92(2), 447-448.


Cross, A. (2004). The flexibility of scientific rhetoric: A case study of UFO researchers. Qualitative Sociology, 27(1), 3-34.


Crowe, R. A., and Miura, C. K. (1995). Challenging pseudoscientific beliefs: Surveying evidence for exotic claims. Psychological reports, 77(3_suppl), 1263-1282.


Crumbaugh, J. C. (1959). ESP and flying saucers: A challenge to parapsychologists. American Psychologist, 14(9), 604–606.


Curtis, E. (2016). Science and technology in Elijah Muhammad’s Nation of Islam astrophysical disaster, genetic engineering, UFOs, white apocalypse, and black resurrection. Nova Religio: The Journal of Alternative and Emergent Religions, 20(1), 5–31.


Davis, Lorraine. (1988). A Comparison of UFO and Near-Death Experiences as Vehicles for the Evolution of Human Consciousness. Journal of Near-Death Studies, 6(4), 240-257.


Derr J.S, and Persinger M.A. (1993). Geophysical variables and behavior: LXXVI. Seasonal hydrological load and regional luminous phenomena (UFO reports) within river systems, the Mississippi Valley test. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 77(3_suppl), 1163-1170.


Devereux, P., McCartney, P. and Robins, D. (1983). Bringing UFOs down to earth. New Scientist, (1 September), 627-630.


Dewan, W. J. (2006). " A saucerful of secrets": an interdisciplinary analysis of UFO experiences. Journal of American Folklore, 184-202.


Dodd, A. (2018). Strategic ignorance and the search for extraterrestrial intelligence: Critiquing the discursive segregation of UFOs from scientific inquiry. Astropolitics, 16(1), 75-95.


Eghigian, G. (2014). ‘A transatlantic buzz’: flying saucers, extraterrestrials and America in postwar Germany. Journal of transatlantic studies, 12(3), 282-303.


Eghigian, G. (2014). The psychiatrist, the aliens, and" going native". Psychiatric Times, 31(11), 10-10.


Eghigian, G. (2015). Making UFOs make sense: Ufology, science, and the history of their mutual mistrust. Public understanding of science, [2017], 26(5), 612–626.


Escola-Gascon, Alex, O’Neill, Mary, and Gallifa, Josep. (2021). Beliefs and opinions about the existence of life outside the earth: The UFO Experiences Questionnaire (UFO-Q). Social Sciences & Humanities Open, 3(1), 100124.


Espírito Santo, D., and Vergara, A. (2020). The possible and the impossible: reflections on evidence in Chilean ufology. Antípoda. Revista de Antropología y Arqueología, (41), 125-146.


Forrest, D. V. (2008). Alien abduction: A medical hypothesis. Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis and Dynamic Psychiatry, 36(3), 431-442.


Fournier, N. M., and Persinger, M. A. (2004). Geophysical variables and behavior: C. Increased geomagnetic activity on days of commercial air crashes attributed to computer or pilot error but not mechanical failure. Perceptual and motor skills, 98(3_suppl), 1219-1224.


Freitas Jr, R. A., & Valdes, F. (1980). A search for natural or artificial objects located at the Earth-Moon libration points. Icarus, 42(3), 442-447.


Fuller, B.A.G. (1952). Flying saucers. The Journal of Philosophy. 49(17), Aug. 14, 1952, 545-559.


Gamboa, M. (2021). Spiritual pilgrimages and UFO tourism in Uruguay: the case of La Aurora's cattle ranch. International Journal of Tourism Anthropology, 8(2), 162-178.


Geppert, A. (2012). Extraterrestrial encounters: UFOs, science and the quest for transcendence, 1947–1972. History and Technology: An International Journal, 28(3), 335-362.


Ghidina, M. J. (2019). Finding God in grain: Crop circles, rationality, and the construction of spiritual experience. Symbolic Interaction, 42(2), 278-300.


Grassi, F., Cocheo, C., and Russo, P. (2005). Balls of light: The questionable science of crop circles. Journal of Scientific Exploration, 19(2), 159-170.


Gray, R. H. (2015). The Fermi paradox is neither Fermi’s nor a paradox. Astrobiology, 15(3), 195-199.


Greenwood, B., and Davidson-Arnott, R. G. (2020). Tidal monitoring of a barrier breach: The mysterious case of the unidentified flying object (UFO). Journal of Coastal Research, 101(sp1), 56-61.


Haines, G.K. (1999). CIA’s role in the study of UFOs, 1947–90: A die‐hard issue. Intelligence and National Security, 14(2), 26-48.


Hall, R. L. (1996). Escaping the self or escaping the anomaly? Psychological inquiry, 7(2), 143-148.


Haselhoff, E. H. (2001). Opinions and comments on Levengood WC, Talbott NP (1999). Dispersion of energies in worldwide crop formations. Physiologia plantarum, 111, 123–125.


Hauge, B, (2010). Investigation and analysis of transient luminous phenomena in the low atmosphere of Hessdalen valley, Norway. Acta Astronautica, 67(11–12), 1443-1450.


Hayes, M., and Morritt, N. (2020). Michael W. Burke-Gaffney and the UFO debate in Atlantic Canada, 1947-1969. Scientia Canadensis: Canadian Journal of the History of Science, Technology and Medicine/Scientia Canadensis: revue canadienne d'histoire des sciences, des techniques et de la médecine, 42(1), 54-74.


Hedervari, P. (1982). Luminous phenomena and other particular events before, during and after earthquakes in the Carpathian Basin. EOS, 63(51), 1258.


Holden, K. J., and French, C. C. (2002). Alien abduction experiences: Some clues from neuropsychology and neuropsychiatry. Cognitive neuropsychiatry, 7(3), 163-178.


Horstemeier, R. (2006). Flying saucers are real! The US Navy, unidentified flying objects, and the national security state. Socialism and Democracy, 20(3), 187-216.


Houran, J. (1997). Tolerance of ambiguity and the perception of UFOs. Perceptual and motor skills, 85(3), 973-974.


Hughes, F. (1967). A trained eye on UFO’s. Science, 156(3780), 1311-1312.


Hull, J. G. (1996). When explanations fail: Science and pseudoscience in psychology. Psychological Inquiry, 7(2), 149-151.


Hunter, J. (2021). Deep weird: High strangeness, boggle thresholds and damned data in academic research on extraordinary experience. Journal for the Study of Religious Experience, 7(1), 5-18.


Hutchison, P. and Strentz, H. (2019). Journalism versus the flying saucers: Assessing the first generation of UFO reportage, 1947–1967. American Journalism, 36(2), 150-170.


Hynek, J.A. (1981). The UFO phenomenon: Laugh, laugh, study, study. Technology Review, July 1981, pp. 50-58.


Jellinek, M., Fisman, S. and Fisman, R. (1999). Cultural influences on symptom presentation in childhood. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 38 (6), 782-783.


Johnson, D. M. (1945). The" phantom anesthetist" of Mattoon: A field study of mass hysteria. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 40(2), 175.

Johnson, H. and R. Holle. (1969). Observations and comments on two simultaneous cloud holes over Miami. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 50, 157-161.


Jones, RV. (1968). The natural philosophy of flying saucers. Physics Bulletin, 19(7), 225


Karbovnik, D. (2020). Conspiracy theories and UFOs. Diogenes, 62(3), 1-9.


Keel, J. A. (1975). The flying saucer subculture. Journal of Popular Culture, 8(4), 871.


King, L. A., et al. (2007). Ghosts, UFOs, and magic: Positive affect and the experiential system. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92(5), 905–919.


Krasnoholovets, V., and Gandzha, I. (2012). A sub microscopic description of the formation of crop circles. Chaotic modeling and simulation, 2, 323-335.


Kuiper, T. B. H. (1979). On scientific reasoning. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society, 20, 477.


Lamberg, L. (1997). Belief in alien UFOs deep in American psyche. Journal of the American Medical Association, 278(3), 193.


Lamberg, L. (1997). Psychiatrist Explores Apocalyptic Violence in Heaven's Gate and Aum Shinrikyo Cults. JAMA, 278(3):191–193.


Lehn, W. (1980). On the sighting of distant unidentified objects. Journal of Atmospheric and Terrestrial Physics, 42 (5), 471-473, 475


Levengood, W.C. (1994). Anatomical anomalies in crop formation plants. Physiologia Plantarum, 92(2), 356-363.


Levengood, W. C. and Talbott, N. P. (1999). Dispersion of energies in worldwide crop formations. Physiologia Plantarum, 105, 615–624.


Littig, L. W. (1971). Affiliation motivation and belief in extraterrestrial UFOs. The Journal of Social Psychology, 83(2), 307-308.


Little, G. L. (1984). Educational level and primary beliefs about unidentified flying objects held by recognized ufologists. Psychological reports, 54(3), 907-910.


Little, Gregory. L. (1987). Geophysical variables and behavior: XLV. Review of criticisms of tectonic strain hypothesis. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 65(1), 203-206.


Lynn, S. J., and Kirsch, I. I. (1996). Alleged alien abductions: False memories, hypnosis, and fantasy proneness. Psychological Inquiry, 7(2), 151-155.


Maccabee, B. S. (1979). Photometric properties of an unidentified bright object seen off the coast of New Zealand. Applied Optics, 18(15), 2527-2528.


Margolis, H. (1967). The UFO phenomenon. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 23(6), 40-42.


Markowitz, W. (1967). The physics and metaphysics of unidentified flying objects: Reported UFO's cannot be under extraterrestrial control if the laws of physics are valid. Science, 157(3794), 1274-1279.


Marsching, J. D. (2003). Orbs, blobs, and glows: Astronauts, UFOs, and photography. Art Journal, 62(3), 56-65.


McLeod, C. C., Corbisier, B., and Mack, J. E. (1996). A more parsimonious explanation for UFO abduction. Psychological Inquiry, 7(2), 156-168.


McNally, Richard J. (2012). Explaining “memories” of space alien abduction and past lives: An experimental psychopathology approach. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology, 3(1): 2-16.


Meerloo, J. (1968). The flying saucer syndrome and the need for miracles. Journal of the American Medical Association, 203(12), 1074.


Mencken, F. C., Bader, C. D., & Kim, Y. J. (2009). Round trip to hell in a flying saucer: The relationship between conventional Christian and paranormal beliefs in the United States. Sociology of Religion, 70(1), 65–85.


Miller, J. (1953). On flying saucers and other “unusual” aerial objects. School science and mathematics, 53(9), 716.


Millman, P. M. (1975). Seven maxims of UFO: A scientific approach. Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, 69, 175.


Musgrave, J. B., and Houran, J. (2000). Flight and abduction in witchcraft and UFO lore. Psychological reports, 86(2), 669-688.


Neagoe, A. D. (2000). Abducted by aliens: a case study. Psychiatry, 63(2), 202-207.


Newman, L. (1997). Intergalactic hostages: People who report abduction by UFOs. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 16(2), 151–177.


Newman, L. S., and Baumeister, R. F. (1996). Not just another false memory: Further thoughts on the UFO abduction phenomenon. Psychological Inquiry, 7(2), 185-197.


Newman, L. S., and Baumeister, R. F. (1996). Toward an explanation of the UFO abduction phenomenon: Hypnotic elaboration, extraterrestrial sadomasochism, and spurious memories. Psychological Inquiry, 7(2), 99-126.


Nolan, G.P., Vallee, J.F., Jiang, S., and Lemke, L.G. (2022). Improved instrumental techniques, including isotopic analysis, applicable to the characterization of unusual materials with potential relevance to aerospace forensics. Progress in Aerospace Sciences, 128.


Norman, M. (2017). How UFOs conquered the world: The history of a modern myth. Folklore, 128(1), 106-107.


Otgaar, H., et al. (2009). Abducted by a UFO: Prevalence information affects young children’s false memories for an implausible event. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 23, 115–125.


Otis, L. (1979). Selective exposure to the film Close Encounters. The Journal of Psychology, 101(2), 293-295.


Paiva, G. and Taft, C. (2010). A hypothetical dusty plasma mechanism of Hessdalen lights. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 72, no. 16, 1200-1203.


Paiva, G. and Taft, C. (2012). Cluster formation in Hessdalen lights. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 80, 336-229.


Paiva, G. and Taft, C. (2022). A mechanism to explain the spectrum of Hessdalen Lights phenomenon. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 117, 1–4.


Parnell, J. (1988). Measured personality characteristics of persons who claim UFO experiences. Psychotherapy in private practice, 6(3), 159-165.


Partridge, C. (2004). Alien demonology: the Christian roots of the malevolent extraterrestrial in UFO religions and abduction spiritualities. Religion, 34, 163-189.


Patry, A. L., and Pelletier, L. G. (2001). Extraterrestrial beliefs and experiences: An application of the theory of reasoned action. The journal of social psychology, 141(2), 199-217.


Persinger M. and Derr, J. (2013). Luminous shapes with unusual motions as potential predictors of earthquakes: A historical summary of the validity and application of the tectonic strain theory. International Journal of Geosciences, 4(2), 387-396.


Persinger M.A, and Derr J.S. (1985). Geophysical variables and behavior: XXIII. Relations between UFO Reports within the Uinta Basin and Local Seismicity. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 60(1):59-77.


Persinger M.A, and Derr J.S. (1985). Geophysical variables and behavior: XXXII. Evaluations of UFO reports in an area of infrequent seismicity: The Carman, Manitoba episode. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 61(3):807-813.


Persinger M.A, and Derr J.S. (1990). Geophysical variables and behavior: LXI. UFO reports in Carman, Manitoba, and the 1975 Minnesota quake: Evidence of triggering by increased volume of the Red River. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 71(2):531-536.


Persinger M.A, and Derr J.S. (1990). Geophysical variables and behavior: LXII. temporal coupling of UFO reports and seismic energy release within the Rio Grande rift system: Discriminative validity of the tectonic strain theory. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 71(2):52-53.


Persinger M.A, and Derr J.S. (1993). Geophysical variables and behavior: LXXIV. Man-made fluid injections into the crust and reports of luminous phenomena (UFO reports)—Is the strain field an aseismically propagating hydrological pulse? Perceptual and Motor Skills, 77(3_suppl), 1059-1065.


Persinger, M.A. (1984). Prediction of historical and contemporary luminosity (UFO) reports by seismic variables within Western Europe. Experientia, 40, 676–681.


Persinger M.A. (1981).Geophysical variables and behavior: III. Prediction of UFO reports by geomagnetic and seismic activity. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 53(1):115-122.


Persinger M.A. (1983). Geophysical variables and behavior: IX. Expected clinical consequences of close proximity to UFO-related luminosities. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 56(1):259-265.


Persinger M.A. (1983). Geophysical variables and behavior: VII. Prediction of recent European UFO report years by nineteenth century luminosity and solar-seismic measures. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 56(1):91-95.


Persinger M.A. (1983). Geophysical variables and human behavior: VIII. Specific prediction of UFO reports within the New Madrid states by solar-geomagnetic and seismic measures. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 56(1):243-249.


Persinger M.A. (1983). Geophysical variables and human behavior: XV. Tectonic strain luminosities (UFO reports) as predictable but hidden events within pre-1947 Central U.S.A. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 57(3_suppl):1227-1234.


Persinger M.A. (1984). Geophysical variables and human behavior: XVIII. Expected perceptual characteristics and local distributions of close UFO reports. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 58(3):951-959.


Persinger M.A. (1985). Geophysical variables and behavior: XXI. Geomagnetic variation as possible enhancement stimuli for UFO reports preceding earthtremors. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 60(1):37-38.


Persinger M.A. (1985). Geophysical variables and behavior: XXII. The tectonogenic strain continuum of unusual events. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 60(1):59-65.


Persinger M.A. (1988). Geophysical variables and behavior: LIII. Epidemiological considerations for incidence of cancer and depression in areas of frequent UFO reports. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 67(3):799-803.


Persinger M.A. (1993). Paranormal and religious beliefs may be mediated differentially by subcortical and cortical phenomenological processes of the temporal (limbic) lobes. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 76(1), 247-251.


Persinger, M. (1976). Transient geophysical bases for ostensible UFO-related phenomena and associated verbal behavior? Perceptual and Motor Skills, 43(1), 215.


Persinger, M. (1982). Geophysical variables and behavior: IV. UFO reports and Fortean phenomena: Temporal correlations in the central USA. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 54(1), 299-302.


Persinger, M. A. (1980). Earthquake activity and antecedent UFO report numbers. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 50(3, Pt 1), 791–797.


Persinger, M. A. (2001). Geophysical variables and behavior: XC. What people consider strange: change in proportions of reports of Fortean phenomena over time. Psychological reports, 88(1), 89-90.


Persinger, M. A. (2001). The neuropsychiatry of paranormal experiences. The Journal of neuropsychiatry and clinical neurosciences, 13(4), 515-524.


Persinger, M. A., and Derr, J. S. (1984). Geophysical variables and human behavior: XIX. Strong temporal relationships between inclusive seismic measures and UFO reports within Washington state. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 59(2), 551-566.           


Persinger, M.A. (1985). Geophysical variables and behavior: XXVI. A response to Rutkowski’s critique of the tectonic strain hypothesis for UFO phenomena. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 60(2), 575-582.


Persinger. M.A. (1983). Religious and mystical experiences as artifacts of temporal lobe function: a general hypothesis. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 57, 1255-1262.


Petrescu, R. et al. (2017). What is a UFO? Journal of Aircraft and Spacecraft Technology, 1(2), 80-90.


Pierre, L. S., and Persinger, M. A. (2006). Experimental facilitation of the sensed presence is predicted by the specific patterns of the applied magnetic fields, not by suggestibility: re-analyses of 19 experiments. International Journal of Neuroscience, 116(19), 1079-1096.


Platov, Y. V., and Sokolov, B. A. (2000). The study of Unidentified Flying Objects in the Soviet Union. Herald-Russian Academy of Sciences / Vestnik-Rossiiskaia Akademiia Nauk, 70(3), 244-251.


Post, M. (1980). UFOs. Christianity and literature. 29(4), 2.


Powers, W. (1967).  Analysis of UFO reports. Science, 156 (3771), 11.


Raduga, M., Shashkov, A., and Zhunusova, Z. (2021). Emulating alien and UFO encounters in REM sleep. International Journal of Dream Research, 247-256.


Ramet, S. (1998). UFOs over Russia and Eastern Europe. Journal of popular culture, 32(3), 81-99.


Ross, M., and Newby, I. R. (1996). Distinguishing memory from fantasy. Psychological Inquiry, 7(2), 173-177.


Rothstein, M. (1997). The family, Ufos and god: A modern extension of Christian mythology. Journal of Contemporary Religion, 12(3), 353-362.


Rutkowski C.A. (1984). Geophysical variables and human behavior: XVI. Some criticisms. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 58(3):840-842.


Rutkowski, C. (1981). What is happening on the moon? Lunar Transient Phenomena. Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, 75, 237-241.


Rutkowski, C. A., & Del Bigio, M. R. (1989). UFOs and cancer? CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, 140(11), 1258.


Rutkowski, Chris A. (1986). Geophysical variables and behavior: XXXIV. Further comments. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 63(1), 18.


Saethre, E. (2007). Close encounters: UFO beliefs in a remote Australian Aboriginal community. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, (N.S.) 13, 901-915.


Saethre, E. (2007). UFOs, otherness, and belonging: Identity in remote Aboriginal Australia. Social Identities: Journal for the Study of Race, Nation and Culture, 13(2), 217-233.


Sagan, C. (1963). Direct contact among galactic civilizations by relativistic interstellar spaceflight. Planetary and Space Science, 11(5), 485-498.


Salisbury, F. (1967). The scientist and the UFO. BioScience, 17(1), January 1967, 15–24.


Sanarov, V. (1981). On the nature and origin of flying saucers and little green men. Current anthropology, 22(2), 163–167.


Sandels, R. (1986). UFOs, science fiction and the postwar utopia. Journal of Popular Culture, 20 (1), 141-151.


Saunders D.R, and Van Arsdale P. Ii. Points of view about UFOs: A multidimensional scaling study. Perceptual and Motor Skills. 1968;27(3_suppl):1219-1238


Saunders D.R. I. Factor analysis of UFO-related attitudes. Perceptual and Motor Skills. 1968;27(3_suppl):1207-1218.


Schwarz, B. (1976). UFO contactee Stella Lansing: possible medical implications of her motion picture experiments. The Journal of the American Society of Psychosomatic Dentistry and Medicine, 23(2), 60-8.


Schwarz, B. (1979). A UFO motion picture experiment (at Betty Hill's "landing field"). The Journal of the American Society of Psychosomatic Dentistry and Medicine, 26(2), 73-81.


Scott, I. (1987). Survey of unidentified aerial phenomenon reports in Delaware County, Ohio. Ohio Journal of Science, 87(1), 24-27.

Sentes, B. and Palmer, S. (2000). Presumed immanent: The Raëlians, UFO religions, and the postmodern condition. Nova Religio, 4(1), 86-105.

Sharples, J. (2016). Sky and stardust: The flying saucer in American popular culture, 1947–1957. Cultural and Social History, 13(1), 81-98.


Sheldon-Duplaix, A. (2020). Phénomènes aérospatiaux non identifiés: Changement de paradigme ? DSI (Défense et Sécurité Internationale), 146, 96–103.


Shermer, M. (2011). UFOs, UAPs and CRAPs. Scientific American, 304(4), 90.


Silagadze, Z. K. (2003). Tunguska genetic anomaly and electrophonic meteors. Astrophysics, Acta Phys.Polon. B36 (2005) 935. arXiv preprint astro-ph/0311337.


Simon, A. (1976). UFOC: Testing for the existence of Air Force censorship. Psychology: A Journal of Human Behavior, 13(1), 3–5.


Spanos, N. P., Cross, P. A., Dickson, K., & DuBreuil, S. C. (1993). Close encounters: An examination of UFO experiences. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 102(4), 624.


Spanos, Nicholas P., Burgess, Cheryl A. and Burgess, Melissa Faith. (1994). Past-life identities, UFO abductions, and satanic ritual abuse: The Social Construction of Memories. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 42 (4), 433-446.


Sparks, Glenn G., Pellechia, Marianne, and Irvine, Chris. (1998). Does television news about UFOs affect viewers’ UFO beliefs?: An experimental investigation. Communication Quarterly. 46 (3), 284-294.


Spence, D. P. (1996). Abduction tales as metaphors. Psychological Inquiry, 7(2), 177-179.


Sprinkle, R. L. (1988). Psychotherapeutic services for persons who claim UFO experiences. Psychotherapy in Private Practice, 6(3), 151-157.


Stahl, P. A. (1980). Transient optical phenomena of the atmosphere: A case study. Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, 74, 168.


Stothers, R. (2007). Unidentified flying objects in classical antiquity. The Classical Journal, 103(1), 79–92.


Strube, M. J. (1996). The truth is out there. Psychological Inquiry, 7(2), 180-184.


Stupple, D. and Dashti, A. (1977). Flying saucers and multiple realities: A case study in phenomenological theory. Journal of popular culture, 11(2), 479-493.


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publicly readable here

or here
Thx Bryan! Added!
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