Monday, January 24, 2022
Scientific and scholarly articles about UFOs
The ufological world was all agog recently when it was announced that an article about UFOs was being published in a peer-reviewed academic journal.
Amazing! Remarkable! Notable! Unprecedented!
Uh - no.
Despite what you may have heard from skeptics and believers alike, science has taken the subject of UFOs seriously on many, many occasions. Dozens of scholarly and academic articles have appeared in peer-reviewed journals all along, with apparently little notice or interest.
Admittedly, many of these articles looked at ufology in a less than positive light, but a considerable number regarded the subject quite seriously and as a topic of scientific curiosity, if not interest and with relevance to many scientific realms.
I started working on a list of academic articles about UFOs some time ago, and I dusted it off (virtually) when the interest in the recent scientific article manifested.
A number of people have created lists of these articles over the years, including most notably Barry Greenwood's "Union Catalog" of UFO articles. Isaac Koi has a very good list of academic journal articles, and I have added to my own list from his excellent resource.
The following is my list, which is as complete as I could get at this time. I have provided links to online versions of the articles whenever possible, although some links will require institutional memberships to view the articles in full.
The list is for articles about UFOs, but you will note that I have included some articles on UFO-ish phenomena as well, with discretion.
Also, the list does not include book reviews, editorial comments, news briefs and incidental notes, although I allowed a few in the list for their significance. So, while references to things in major journals such as Nature and Science could have been included dozens and dozens of times, these were not really "peer-reviewed academic or scholarly articles."
Oh, and I did not include articles from the Journal of Scientific Exploration nor the Journal of UFO Studies. While certainly peer-reviewed, these journals are not in the scientific mainstream community, and I wanted to create a list that showed that scientists outside of the ufology community have published such articles.
I used APA style, with a slight modification here and there for consistency. (I know there are many punctuation typos, so I'm working on that.) I also need to italicize the journal titles.
And yes, I am sure I missed some. This page will be updated as more articles are brought to my attention, and as future articles are published. (Which they certainly will be.)
Many thanks to Isaac for his work and assistance in this effort.
Top UFO-related articles published in peer-reviewed scientific journals
Appelle, S. (1971). On a behavioral explanation of UFO sightings. Perceptual and motor skills, 32(3), 994. https://doi.org/10.2466/pms.19126.96.36.1994
Ashworth, C. E. (1980). Flying saucers, spoon-bending and Atlantis: A structural analysis of new mythologies. The Sociological Review, 28(2), 353-376. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1467-954X.1980.tb00369.x
Bader, C. D. (1995). The UFO contact movement from the 1950s to the present. Studies in Popular Culture, 17(2), 73-90. https://www.jstor.org/stable/23413704
Bader, C. D. (2003). Supernatural support groups: Who are the UFO abductees and ritual-abuse survivors? Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 42(4), 669–678. http://www.jstor.org/stable/1387914
Balch, Robert W. and Taylor, David. (1977). Seekers and saucers: The role of the cultic milieu in joining a UFO cult. American Behavioral Scientist, 20(6), pp. 839–860.
Banaji, M. R., and Kihlstrom, J. F. (1996). The ordinary nature of alien abduction memories. Psychological Inquiry, 7(2), 132-135. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1207/s15327965pli0702_3
Bartholomew, R. E. (1991). The quest for transcendence: An ethnography of UFOs in America. Anthropology of Consciousness, 2(1‐2), 1-12. https://anthrosource.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1525/ac.1991.2.1-2.1
Biasco, F., and Nunn, K. (2000). College students' attitudes toward UFOs. College Student Journal, 34(1), 96-100. https://web.s.ebscohost.com/abstract?direct=true&profile=ehost&scope=site&authtype=crawler&jrnl=01463934&asa=Y&AN=3024751&h=pFaSTQdViVWKO7mTAFbM9G6qBJCEjXdumNK2EVMo%2bub0Tb3nTDmIHDsb1jWM00XAupyJvrLSUvPRVii%2fIAz2qg%3d%3d&crl=c&resultNs=AdminWebAuth&resultLocal=ErrCrlNotAuth&crlhashurl=login.aspx%3fdirect%3dtrue%26profile%3dehost%26scope%3dsite%26authtype%3dcrawler%26jrnl%3d01463934%26asa%3dY%26AN%3d3024751
Bisson C, and Persinger M.A. (1993). Geophysical variables and behavior: LXXV. Possible increased incidence of brain tumors following an episode of luminous phenomena. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 77(3_suppl), 1088-1090. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.2466/pms.1993.77.3f.1088
Bowers, K. S., and Eastwood, J. D. (1996). On the edge of science: Coping with UFOlogy scientifically. Psychological Inquiry, 7(2), 136-140. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1207/s15327965pli0702_4
Bridgstock, M. (1982). A sociological approach to fraud in science. The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Sociology, 18(3), 364-383.
Bullard, T. E. (1989). UFO abduction reports: the supernatural kidnap narrative returns in technological guise. Journal of American Folklore, 147-170. https://www.jstor.org/stable/540677
Callahan, P. S., & Mankin, R. W. (1978). Insects as unidentified flying objects. Applied optics, 17(21), 3355-3360.
Chequers, J., Joseph, S., and Diduca, D. (1997). Belief in extraterrestrial life, UFO-related beliefs, and schizotypal personality. Personality and Individual Differences, 23(3), 519-521. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0191886997800189
Clamar, A. (1988). Is it time for psychology to take UFOs seriously? Psychotherapy in Private Practice, 6(3), 143-149. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1300/J294v06n03_23
Clamar, A. (1988). Symposium: The UFO experience: What psychotherapy tells us. Introduction, in: Psychotherapy in Private Practice, 6:3, 141-142
Clancy, S. A., et. al. (2002). Memory distortion in people reporting abduction by aliens. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 111(3), 455.
Clark, S. E., and Loftus, E. F. (1996). The construction of space alien abduction memories. Psychological Inquiry, 7(2), 140-143. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1207/s15327965pli0702_5
Cole, G. H. A. (1996). Thoughts on extraterrestrials prompted by two contributions in a recent issue of Quarterly Journal. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society, 37, 257. https://adsabs.harvard.edu/pdf/1996QJRAS..37..257C
Condon, E. U. (1969). UFOs I have loved and lost. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 25(10), 6-8. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00963402.1969.11455289
Cook, C. M., and Persinger, M. A. (2001). Geophysical variables and behavior: XCII. Experimental elicitation of the experience of a sentient being by right hemispheric, weak magnetic fields: interaction with temporal lobe sensitivity. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 92(2), 447-448.
Cross, A. (2004). The flexibility of scientific rhetoric: A case study of UFO researchers. Qualitative Sociology, 27(1), 3-34. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/B:QUAS.0000015542.28438.41
Crowe, R. A., and Miura, C. K. (1995). Challenging pseudoscientific beliefs: Surveying evidence for exotic claims. Psychological reports, 77(3_suppl), 1263-1282. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.2466/pr0.1995.77.3f.1263
Crumbaugh, J. C. (1959). ESP and flying saucers: A challenge to parapsychologists. American Psychologist, 14(9), 604–606. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0039416
Curtis, E. (2016). Science and technology in Elijah Muhammad’s Nation of Islam astrophysical disaster, genetic engineering, UFOs, white apocalypse, and black resurrection. Nova Religio: The Journal of Alternative and Emergent Religions, 20(1), 5–31.
Davis, Lorraine. (1988). A Comparison of UFO and Near-Death Experiences as Vehicles for the Evolution of Human Consciousness. Journal of Near-Death Studies, 6(4), 240-257. https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc799343/
Derr J.S, and Persinger M.A. (1993). Geophysical variables and behavior: LXXVI. Seasonal hydrological load and regional luminous phenomena (UFO reports) within river systems, the Mississippi Valley test. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 77(3_suppl), 1163-1170. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.2466/pms.1993.77.3f.1163
Devereux, P., McCartney, P. and Robins, D. (1983). Bringing UFOs down to earth. New Scientist, (1 September), 627-630.
Dewan, W. J. (2006). " A saucerful of secrets": an interdisciplinary analysis of UFO experiences. Journal of American Folklore, 184-202. https://www.jstor.org/stable/4137923
Dodd, A. (2018). Strategic ignorance and the search for extraterrestrial intelligence: Critiquing the discursive segregation of UFOs from scientific inquiry. Astropolitics, 16(1), 75-95. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14777622.2018.1433409
Eghigian, G. (2014). ‘A transatlantic buzz’: flying saucers, extraterrestrials and America in postwar Germany. Journal of transatlantic studies, 12(3), 282-303. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1080/14794012.2014.928032
Eghigian, G. (2014). The psychiatrist, the aliens, and" going native". Psychiatric Times, 31(11), 10-10. https://go.gale.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CA389176236&sid=googleScholar&v=2.1&it=r&linkaccess=abs&issn=08932905&p=AONE&sw=w&userGroupName=anon%7E99592cf7
Eghigian, G. (2015). Making UFOs make sense: Ufology, science, and the history of their mutual mistrust. Public understanding of science, , 26(5), 612–626. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0963662515617706
Escola-Gascon, Alex, O’Neill, Mary, and Gallifa, Josep. (2021). Beliefs and opinions about the existence of life outside the earth: The UFO Experiences Questionnaire (UFO-Q). Social Sciences & Humanities Open, 3(1), 100124. https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/social-sciences-and-humanities-open/vol/3/issue/1
Espírito Santo, D., and Vergara, A. (2020). The possible and the impossible: reflections on evidence in Chilean ufology. Antípoda. Revista de Antropología y Arqueología, (41), 125-146. https://revistas.uniandes.edu.co/doi/full/10.7440/antipoda41.2020.06
Forrest, D. V. (2008). Alien abduction: A medical hypothesis. Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis and Dynamic Psychiatry, 36(3), 431-442. https://guilfordjournals.com/doi/abs/10.1521/jaap.2008.36.3.431
Fournier, N. M., and Persinger, M. A. (2004). Geophysical variables and behavior: C. Increased geomagnetic activity on days of commercial air crashes attributed to computer or pilot error but not mechanical failure. Perceptual and motor skills, 98(3_suppl), 1219-1224.
Freitas Jr, R. A., & Valdes, F. (1980). A search for natural or artificial objects located at the Earth-Moon libration points. Icarus, 42(3), 442-447.
Fuller, B.A.G. (1952). Flying saucers. The Journal of Philosophy. 49(17), Aug. 14, 1952, 545-559. https://www.pdcnet.org/jphil/content/jphil_1952_0049_0017_0545_0559
Gamboa, M. (2021). Spiritual pilgrimages and UFO tourism in Uruguay: the case of La Aurora's cattle ranch. International Journal of Tourism Anthropology, 8(2), 162-178. https://www.inderscienceonline.com/doi/abs/10.1504/IJTA.2021.116093
Geppert, A. (2012). Extraterrestrial encounters: UFOs, science and the quest for transcendence, 1947–1972. History and Technology: An International Journal, 28(3), 335-362. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/07341512.2012.723340
Ghidina, M. J. (2019). Finding God in grain: Crop circles, rationality, and the construction of spiritual experience. Symbolic Interaction, 42(2), 278-300. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/symb.386
Grassi, F., Cocheo, C., and Russo, P. (2005). Balls of light: The questionable science of crop circles. Journal of Scientific Exploration, 19(2), 159-170. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.524.2809&rep=rep1&type=pdf
Gray, R. H. (2015). The Fermi paradox is neither Fermi’s nor a paradox. Astrobiology, 15(3), 195-199. https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/abs/10.1089/ast.2014.1247
Greenwood, B., and Davidson-Arnott, R. G. (2020). Tidal monitoring of a barrier breach: The mysterious case of the unidentified flying object (UFO). Journal of Coastal Research, 101(sp1), 56-61. https://doi.org/10.2112/JCR-SI101-013.1
Haines, G.K. (1999). CIA’s role in the study of UFOs, 1947–90: A die‐hard issue. Intelligence and National Security, 14(2), 26-48. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02684529908432538
Hall, R. L. (1996). Escaping the self or escaping the anomaly? Psychological inquiry, 7(2), 143-148. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1207/s15327965pli0702_6
Haselhoff, E. H. (2001). Opinions and comments on Levengood WC, Talbott NP (1999). Dispersion of energies in worldwide crop formations. Physiologia plantarum, 111, 123–125. http://archiv.fgk.org/01/Eltjo/Haselhoff.pdf
Hauge, B, (2010). Investigation and analysis of transient luminous phenomena in the low atmosphere of Hessdalen valley, Norway. Acta Astronautica, 67(11–12), 1443-1450. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0094576510000329
Hayes, M., and Morritt, N. (2020). Michael W. Burke-Gaffney and the UFO debate in Atlantic Canada, 1947-1969. Scientia Canadensis: Canadian Journal of the History of Science, Technology and Medicine/Scientia Canadensis: revue canadienne d'histoire des sciences, des techniques et de la médecine, 42(1), 54-74. https://www.erudit.org/en/journals/scientia/1900-v1-n1-scientia05473/1071264ar/abstract/
Hedervari, P. (1982). Luminous phenomena and other particular events before, during and after earthquakes in the Carpathian Basin. EOS, 63(51), 1258.
Holden, K. J., and French, C. C. (2002). Alien abduction experiences: Some clues from neuropsychology and neuropsychiatry. Cognitive neuropsychiatry, 7(3), 163-178. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13546800244000058
Horstemeier, R. (2006). Flying saucers are real! The US Navy, unidentified flying objects, and the national security state. Socialism and Democracy, 20(3), 187-216. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/08854300600950319
Houran, J. (1997). Tolerance of ambiguity and the perception of UFOs. Perceptual and motor skills, 85(3), 973-974. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.2466/pms.19188.8.131.527
Hughes, F. (1967). A trained eye on UFO’s. Science, 156(3780), 1311-1312. https://www.science.org/doi/10.1126/science.156.3780.1311
Hull, J. G. (1996). When explanations fail: Science and pseudoscience in psychology. Psychological Inquiry, 7(2), 149-151. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1207/s15327965pli0702_7
Hunter, J. (2021). Deep weird: High strangeness, boggle thresholds and damned data in academic research on extraordinary experience. Journal for the Study of Religious Experience, 7(1), 5-18. https://rerc-journal.tsd.ac.uk/index.php/religiousexp/article/view/87
Hutchison, P. and Strentz, H. (2019). Journalism versus the flying saucers: Assessing the first generation of UFO reportage, 1947–1967. American Journalism, 36(2), 150-170. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08821127.2019.1602418
Hynek, J.A. (1981). The UFO phenomenon: Laugh, laugh, study, study. Technology Review, July 1981, pp. 50-58. http://www.ufoevidence.org/documents/doc1006.htm
Jellinek, M., Fisman, S. and Fisman, R. (1999). Cultural influences on symptom presentation in childhood. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 38 (6), 782-783.
Johnson, D. M. (1945). The" phantom anesthetist" of Mattoon: A field study of mass hysteria. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 40(2), 175.
Johnson, H. and R. Holle. (1969). Observations and comments on two simultaneous cloud holes over Miami. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 50, 157-161.
Jones, RV. (1968). The natural philosophy of flying saucers. Physics Bulletin, 19(7), 225
Karbovnik, D. (2020). Conspiracy theories and UFOs. Diogenes, 62(3), 1-9. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0392192120924536
Keel, J. A. (1975). The flying saucer subculture. Journal of Popular Culture, 8(4), 871.
King, L. A., et al. (2007). Ghosts, UFOs, and magic: Positive affect and the experiential system. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92(5), 905–919. https://psycnet.apa.org/doiLanding?doi=10.1037%2F0022-35184.108.40.2065
Krasnoholovets, V., and Gandzha, I. (2012). A sub microscopic description of the formation of crop circles. Chaotic modeling and simulation, 2, 323-335. http://www.cmsim.eu/papers_pdf/april_2012_papers/3_CMSIM_2012_Krasnoholovets-Gandzha_2_323-335.pdf
Kuiper, T. B. H. (1979). On scientific reasoning. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society, 20, 477. https://adsabs.harvard.edu/pdf/1979QJRAS..20..477K
Lamberg, L. (1997). Belief in alien UFOs deep in American psyche. Journal of the American Medical Association, 278(3), 193.
Lamberg, L. (1997). Psychiatrist Explores Apocalyptic Violence in Heaven's Gate and Aum Shinrikyo Cults. JAMA, 278(3):191–193. https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/article-abstract/417556
Lehn, W. (1980). On the sighting of distant unidentified objects. Journal of Atmospheric and Terrestrial Physics, 42 (5), 471-473, 475
Levengood, W.C. (1994). Anatomical anomalies in crop formation plants. Physiologia Plantarum, 92(2), 356-363. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1399-3054.1994.tb05348.x
Levengood, W. C. and Talbott, N. P. (1999). Dispersion of energies in worldwide crop formations. Physiologia Plantarum, 105, 615–624. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1034/j.1399-3054.1999.105404.x
Littig, L. W. (1971). Affiliation motivation and belief in extraterrestrial UFOs. The Journal of Social Psychology, 83(2), 307-308.
Little, G. L. (1984). Educational level and primary beliefs about unidentified flying objects held by recognized ufologists. Psychological reports, 54(3), 907-910. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.2466/pr0.19220.127.116.117
Little, Gregory. L. (1987). Geophysical variables and behavior: XLV. Review of criticisms of tectonic strain hypothesis. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 65(1), 203-206. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.2466/pms.1918.104.22.168
Lynn, S. J., and Kirsch, I. I. (1996). Alleged alien abductions: False memories, hypnosis, and fantasy proneness. Psychological Inquiry, 7(2), 151-155. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1207/s15327965pli0702_8
Maccabee, B. S. (1979). Photometric properties of an unidentified bright object seen off the coast of New Zealand. Applied Optics, 18(15), 2527-2528.
Margolis, H. (1967). The UFO phenomenon. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 23(6), 40-42. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00963402.1967.11455091
Markowitz, W. (1967). The physics and metaphysics of unidentified flying objects: Reported UFO's cannot be under extraterrestrial control if the laws of physics are valid. Science, 157(3794), 1274-1279. https://www.science.org/doi/10.1126/science.157.3794.1274
Marsching, J. D. (2003). Orbs, blobs, and glows: Astronauts, UFOs, and photography. Art Journal, 62(3), 56-65. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00043249.2003.10792170
McLeod, C. C., Corbisier, B., and Mack, J. E. (1996). A more parsimonious explanation for UFO abduction. Psychological Inquiry, 7(2), 156-168. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1207/s15327965pli0702_9
McNally, Richard J. (2012). Explaining “memories” of space alien abduction and past lives: An experimental psychopathology approach. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology, 3(1): 2-16. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.5127/jep.017811
Meerloo, J. (1968). The flying saucer syndrome and the need for miracles. Journal of the American Medical Association, 203(12), 1074.
Mencken, F. C., Bader, C. D., & Kim, Y. J. (2009). Round trip to hell in a flying saucer: The relationship between conventional Christian and paranormal beliefs in the United States. Sociology of Religion, 70(1), 65–85. http://www.jstor.org/stable/27652588
Miller, J. (1953). On flying saucers and other “unusual” aerial objects. School science and mathematics, 53(9), 716.
Millman, P. M. (1975). Seven maxims of UFO: A scientific approach. Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, 69, 175.
Musgrave, J. B., and Houran, J. (2000). Flight and abduction in witchcraft and UFO lore. Psychological reports, 86(2), 669-688. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.2466/pr0.2000.86.2.669
Neagoe, A. D. (2000). Abducted by aliens: a case study. Psychiatry, 63(2), 202-207. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00332747.2000.11024911?journalCode=upsy20
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Newman, L. S., and Baumeister, R. F. (1996). Not just another false memory: Further thoughts on the UFO abduction phenomenon. Psychological Inquiry, 7(2), 185-197. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1207/s15327965pli0702_14
Newman, L. S., and Baumeister, R. F. (1996). Toward an explanation of the UFO abduction phenomenon: Hypnotic elaboration, extraterrestrial sadomasochism, and spurious memories. Psychological Inquiry, 7(2), 99-126. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1207/s15327965pli0702_1
Nolan, G.P., Vallee, J.F., Jiang, S., and Lemke, L.G. (2022). Improved instrumental techniques, including isotopic analysis, applicable to the characterization of unusual materials with potential relevance to aerospace forensics. Progress in Aerospace Sciences, 128. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0376042121000907
Norman, M. (2017). How UFOs conquered the world: The history of a modern myth. Folklore, 128(1), 106-107. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/0015587X.2016.1220588
Otgaar, H., et al. (2009). Abducted by a UFO: Prevalence information affects young children’s false memories for an implausible event. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 23, 115–125. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/acp.1445
Otis, L. (1979). Selective exposure to the film Close Encounters. The Journal of Psychology, 101(2), 293-295.
Paiva, G. and Taft, C. (2010). A hypothetical dusty plasma mechanism of Hessdalen lights. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 72, no. 16, 1200-1203. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S136468261000218X
Paiva, G. and Taft, C. (2012). Cluster formation in Hessdalen lights. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 80, 336-229. https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/journal-of-atmospheric-and-solar-terrestrial-physics/vol/80/suppl/C
Paiva, G. and Taft, C. (2022). A mechanism to explain the spectrum of Hessdalen Lights phenomenon. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 117, 1–4. https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/journal-of-atmospheric-and-solar-terrestrial-physics/vol/117/suppl/C
Parnell, J. (1988). Measured personality characteristics of persons who claim UFO experiences. Psychotherapy in private practice, 6(3), 159-165. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1300/J294v06n03_25
Partridge, C. (2004). Alien demonology: the Christian roots of the malevolent extraterrestrial in UFO religions and abduction spiritualities. Religion, 34, 163-189.
Patry, A. L., and Pelletier, L. G. (2001). Extraterrestrial beliefs and experiences: An application of the theory of reasoned action. The journal of social psychology, 141(2), 199-217. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00224540109600547
Persinger M. and Derr, J. (2013). Luminous shapes with unusual motions as potential predictors of earthquakes: A historical summary of the validity and application of the tectonic strain theory. International Journal of Geosciences, 4(2), 387-396.
Persinger M.A, and Derr J.S. (1985). Geophysical variables and behavior: XXIII. Relations between UFO Reports within the Uinta Basin and Local Seismicity. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 60(1):59-77. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.2466/pms.19126.96.36.199
Persinger M.A, and Derr J.S. (1985). Geophysical variables and behavior: XXXII. Evaluations of UFO reports in an area of infrequent seismicity: The Carman, Manitoba episode. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 61(3):807-813.
Persinger M.A, and Derr J.S. (1990). Geophysical variables and behavior: LXI. UFO reports in Carman, Manitoba, and the 1975 Minnesota quake: Evidence of triggering by increased volume of the Red River. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 71(2):531-536. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.2466/pms.19188.8.131.521
Persinger M.A, and Derr J.S. (1990). Geophysical variables and behavior: LXII. temporal coupling of UFO reports and seismic energy release within the Rio Grande rift system: Discriminative validity of the tectonic strain theory. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 71(2):52-53. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.2466/pms.19184.108.40.2067
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